南亚区域一体化的未来展望

澳门巴黎人

2018-10-08

原文标题:Regionalintegration:Futureprospects中文摘要:观察家研究基金会专家PINAKRANJANCHAKRAVARTY在《南亚区域一体化的未来展望》一文中表示,区域一体化时代始于二战后期,随欧洲战后经济重建而兴起。 随着殖民化的解除、独立国家地位的提升,不断增长的全球经济联系催生了区域一体化,几乎囊括所有国家。

20世纪50年代以来,全球经济快速增长为各国寻求区域一体化提供了根本动力。

其目标是实现更高的经济增长并消除贫困寻求繁荣发展。 (SAARC)悬而未决,不太可能在短期内发挥重要作用,政策替代方案转向环孟加拉湾多部门技术与经济合作倡议(BIMSTEC)以及诸如孟加拉、、印度与(BBIN)的次区域合作。

总理谢赫·哈西娜总理将BIMSTEC与(BRICS)相连的提议在外延和需求培育方面呈相关性。 同时,SAARC将一直冻结,直到改变行为,成为更加负责任的南亚利益相关者为止。

现在,弥补SAARC无法实施所致损失的责任落到了BIMSTEC国家肩上。

(编译:罗婧婧)原文:Theeraofregionalintegrationbeganinearnestinthepost-WorldWarIIphase,,encompassingalmostallcountries,astheranks,providedthefundamentalimpetusfornationstoseekregionalintegration,toaimforhighereconomicgrowthforcombatingpoverty,(EuropeanUnion)andlinkingcountriesatdifferentstagesofdevelopment(NAFTA-NorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreementandtheproposedmegatradedeal,theTrans-PacificPartnership,,eachhavingitsownfeatures,allowingforcountriestodevelopclosertiesinamannersuitableforregionalconditions,areASEAN)inSoutheastAsia,MERCOSUR)inSouthAmerica,COMESAtheEconomicCommunityofWestAfricanStates(ECOWAS)andSADCinsub-SaharanAfrica,,therearehundredsofregionaltradeagreements(RTAs)andpreferentialtradeagreements(PTAs)inforceworldwide;sucharrangementshavedoubledinnumbersince2000;,associatedwithborderadministration,transportandcommunicationinfrastructure,evenhalfwaytoglobalbestpractice,wouldleadtoanadditional$().TheriseofChinaasaneconomicbehemothbroughtinanewplayerontheglobalstage,teInitiative,(CPEC).ChinaputitsstrategiceggsinthePakistanbasketdecadesago,comeaneconomiccorridor,startingfromtheprovinceofXinjiangandterminatingattheportofGwader,ties,whenChinaopposedBangladeshsWarofLiberbaseintheyearstocome,givingitaccessandamilitarybaseintheArabianSea,closetotheGulfofHormuz,ve,nowcalledtheBCIM,coupledwithChinasbidtobuilinitiatives,asBangladeshhasagreedtoastrategicembraceoftheChinese-sponsoredregionalintegrationinitiatives,,,notonlybecauseitcutsthroughIndiasterritoryinPakistanOccupiedKashmir(POK),ceforcesmostlyoperateChinesemanufacturedmilitaryequipment,,therefore,hasalsobecomeafactorinChinaspolicy,,assertingthatlookingattheOBORinitiativeasapoliticaltooltoachieveBeijingsstrategicobjectivesistoosimplisticaviewandtakingadigatIndia,propagatingtheviewthatsomeinIndiamis,(SCS)bymakingegregiousclaimsoverlargestretchesoftheSea,itsrejectionoftheawardrejectingChinasclaimsintheSCS,itsunstintedsupportforPakistanscontinuoussponsoringofterrorismagainstIndiaandmakingthatcountryaclientstate,,orchestratedbytheChinesemedia,,ChinascheerleadersinAsiaarefew,despiteChinaspersistentattemptstodirectlybribemanyAsianleaderstochangetheirpolicyandalignthemselveswithChinasstrategicobjectiveswhich,inotherwords,,withoutreachtoBIMSTECcountries,AfghanistanandMaldiveswashig,(TPP),toutedasthegoldstandardofTradedeal,withTRIPSplusIPRstandards,beyondtheborderregulatorystandards,,intime,theprimarythrustoftradepolicyhasshiftedfromnon-discriminatoryunilateralliberalisation,backedupbytheUruguayRoundagreements(andWTOaccessionsforChinaandVietnam),,unlikepreviousunilateralmeasures,havenotbeenamotorofadditionalliberalisation,,theeraofregi,SAARC,ittingcommitmenttostate-sponsoredterrorism,%ofworldtradeandaround5%ofAsiastrade;,,forexample,isunder3%,perhapstheweakestgloballynotsurprising,,withcarve-outs,tariff-ratequotasandstringentRulesofOrigin(ROOs)istaniestablishment,particularlythePakistanArmywhichfeelsitscorgains,directeditsenergiestowardsdeepeningitsintegrationwithChina,herallweatherally,,ithasensur,policya,SAARCwillremainfrozentillsuchtimePakistanchanpledSAARC.责任编辑:罗婧婧。